Even a small infection can turn into sepsis, know how to prevent it and who is at greater risk

Normally, during an infection, some chemical messengers (such as prostaglandins) are released from the body into the blood, so that disease-causing pathogens cannot be produced. Sepsis occurs when the body is unable to respond properly to these chemicals and they go out of control and start damaging the body. In this situation, multiple organ failure or significant damage to the body can occur. If the condition reaches septic shock, the patient’s blood pressure drops significantly and the patient may even die. This is the reason why a small injury or any infection should not be ignored.

What are the causes of sepsis?

In most cases, sepsis is caused by bacteria. According to a study, sepsis is the most common infection in respiratory tract patients. Other major reasons include stomach infection, blood infection, UTI.

What is the treatment of sepsis?

If the patient has infection with fever, rapid breathing and blood pressure is falling rapidly, then the doctor should be contacted immediately. If the patient comes under risk factors then one should be cautious.

How to prevent sepsis

You must get vaccinated to protect yourself from flu, pneumonia and other infections.

Maintain hygiene, do not be careless in case of wounds, take bath daily and wash hands before eating.

If there is a suspicion of any kind of infection, contact the doctor immediately.

Source: healthline.com

Who is at greater risk of sepsis?

To very small children or the elderly.

Those whose immunity is weak.

To diabetic patient.

Have been to ICU before.

Anyone taking steroids or a lot of antibiotics.

What are the symptoms of sepsis?

Infections in the body, such as pneumonia, pus discharge from wounds, urinary tract infection, etc.

If the body temperature is more than 100.94 degrees Fahrenheit.

Restlessness, mental instability.

Frequent fluctuations in blood pressure.

Heart rate more than 90 beats per minute.

Initially the patient’s skin looks hot and red, but as the disease progresses the skin becomes very cold.

less urine or not urinating throughout the day

Sepsis marker test detects this infection

In case of sepsis, the functioning level of the body’s immune system decreases. When the reaction occurs, swelling occurs and blood clots form. To detect this, sepsis marker test i.e. BRAHMS pro-calcitonin test is done. Actually, procalcitonin is a type of protein, which starts being produced in the body when there is injury to any tissue of the body and bacterial infection. High levels of procalcitonin in the blood indicate sepsis or severe infection. This test is done to check the level of procalcitonin in the blood.