New Delhi: The damage caused by the drone strike at Satwari Air Force Station in Jammu has already been reduced. But this incident has definitely raised many big questions of lapse in the security system. Because it was such a danger that not only was being talked about continuously for the past few years, but traces of its influx were also being found. Preparations have also been going on to deal with this challenge. In such a situation, despite all the preparations, the crater in the building of the Air Force Station is enough to make the country shudder like the injury on the nose.
The SOP guidelines issued on 10 May 2019 by the Union Home Ministry in association with the Indian Air Force clearly mark remote operated small aircraft as unconventional threats. Also, it explains the arrangements to deal with them. In 2018, the rules related to drones from the Union Ministry of Civil Aviation and the guidelines of the Ministry of Home Affairs direct all the state governments and district administrations to register every person possessing a drone. At the same time, it warns that drone operations should not be carried out without permission under any circumstances, especially in the prescribed radius near sensitive installations and military bases. On the other hand, if a rogue drone is found in a managed area without permission, then strict action should be taken against it like shooting down.
However, experts like retired Air Force officer and drone technology expert Group Captain RK Narang say that the Air Force has most of the radar and air defense systems to take action against large-sized and high-speed aircraft. Small aircraft flying at low altitudes and slow speeds are difficult for existing radar systems to detect. Rather it is easier to see them with the naked eye.
Although Narang, who has worked on drone challenges for years at military thinktanks such as the Center for Airpower Studies, says the Satwari incident has raised the need for rapid systems integration. That is, for the security of all important installations in the military and civil sector, the mechanism of identification of RPA or drone aircraft will have to be strengthened. This danger is also serious because the technology of drones is becoming cheap and effective day by day. The advantage of which is in the pursuit of taking advantage of terrorist organizations around the world.
The question that is bound to arise is that in the last 2-3 years, despite the CAR (Civil Aviation Requirement) that came in 2018 and the SOP of 2019, why the devil drones were not cracked down in the last 2-3 years? After all, despite not having permission near military stations, how a drone was also flown in Jammu and through it the attack was carried out? At the same time, there are deep concerns that if places like Air Force Station in the country are not safe from drone attacks, then what are the arrangements to keep other strategic establishments, national buildings, VIP residences etc. safe from such attacks?
These questions are neither trivial nor unnecessary. Because it is related to the security of the country and how serious is the danger of ignoring them, its hallmark has been seen in the attack on Satwari Air Force Station in Jammu.
It cannot be denied that the sound of this attack was being heard continuously on the borders of India and especially in the region of Jammu and Kashmir. In intelligence reports, where suspicions were raised about such incidents. At the same time, during the last one year, many times arms delivery through drones was recovered not only on the border with Pakistan in Jammu region. Rather, Pakistani drones were also shot down. Exactly a year ago, the BSF shot down a Pakistani helicopter near the International Border in the Kathua area.
Along with this helicopter, 8 feet by 6 feet in size, arms and ammunition including Made in China 7 grenades and M4 carbine were recovered. Apart from this, there has been a continuous process of espionage near the border, flying drones for drugs. But near the border, these drones often escape after doing their work, while small drones were shot down, neither did it stop the process nor did it make any difference to the plans of the drones flying across the border. Even after the incident of Air Force Station Satwari, drone activity was witnessed at two places in Ratnuchak and Kaluchak Military Area on the midnight of 27-28 June. At the same time, due to being a sensitive military area, firing was also done on these drones. After which both the drones fled.
In such a situation, it should be expected that the speed of the Armed Forces Kayav Drone Kill System projects will increase. So that these arrangements can be completed at military bases as soon as possible. It should be noted that the Army Headquarters is already in the process of procuring such a rate kill system that will be capable of shooting down any remotely operated pilotless aircraft flying within a radius of 4 km and an altitude of 4500 meters. In addition, the Defense Research and Development Organization is also working on several anti-drone technologies and jammer systems.
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