For the first time this has happened that the number of female teachers is more than male teachers in the schools of the country. According to the Unified District Information on School Education (U-DISE) 2019-20 report released last week, for the first time, female school teachers in India have outperformed their male counterparts. Significantly, out of 96.8 lakh teachers in the country, 49.2 lakh are women. The U-DISE report is released every year by the Department of School Education and Literacy under the Union Ministry of Education.
There has been an increase in the number of female teachers since 2013
In the year 2012-13, there were 35.8 lakh female teachers across the country as against 42.4 lakh males. During this period, there has been an increase in the number of female teachers in schools by more than 37% during seven years. The number of male teachers increased from 42.4 lakh to 47.7 lakh during the same period.
However, women teachers are at the top only at the primary level. According to the report, the number of male teachers remains high in the classes after higher primary. There are more than 1 lakh female teachers for 27,000 males at the pre-primary level.
Ratio higher in primary grade is balanced
The ratio is more balanced in the primary grade with 19.6 lakh female teachers and 15.7 lakh male teachers. There are 11.5 lakh male and 10.6 lakh female teachers in the higher primary classes. After this, the difference in the number of female and male teachers in the classes increases. There are 6.3 lakh male and 5.2 lakh female teachers in secondary schools. At the same time, there are 3.7 lakh male teachers in Higher Secondary while 2.8 lakh are female teachers.
More number of male teachers in government and aided schools
The number of male teachers is more in government and aided schools, while female teachers are ahead in unaided private schools. Larger states have more male teachers than females in higher grades, with the exception of Kerala, Delhi, Meghalaya, Punjab and Tamil Nadu. These states have more female teachers than males in secondary and higher secondary classes.
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