India China News: The important meeting of the foreign ministers of India and China took place on the margins of the SCO meeting in Dushanbe, Tajikistan. In the meeting, while India raised the issue of China’s lack of promise in reducing border tensions, it also made it clear that the delay in resolution is only adding to the sourness in the relationship. During the talks, it has been agreed that the next military commander level talks to be held soon will find a formula to resolve the situation on all those fronts where the deadlock continues till now.
External Affairs Minister S Jaishankar and his Chinese counterpart Wang Yi held detailed talks on the current situation of military tensions along the Line of Actual Control (LAC) in eastern Ladakh and other issues related to overall India-China relations. The two leaders also stressed the need to resolve the remaining issues along the LAC in eastern Ladakh at the earliest, recalling their last meeting in Moscow in September 2020.
According to the Ministry of External Affairs, during the conversation, Dr Jaishankar made it clear that despite the consensus reached to reduce border tension, the unresolved situation is spoiling the relations. According to a statement issued by the ministry, the foreign minister told Chinese State Councilor Wang Yi that the move to reduce military build-up in the Pangong Lake area earlier this year had created conducive conditions for resolving the remaining issues. It was expected that the Chinese side would work with India towards this objective. However, the situation in many areas of eastern Ladakh is still unresolved.
The External Affairs Minister also emphasized that prolonging the current situation of tension is not in the interest of either side. This is clearly affecting the relationship in a negative way. According to the Ministry of External Affairs, while assessing the overall relations, Dr Jaishankar also emphasized that maintaining peace and tranquility in the border areas has been the basis of development of relations between the two countries since 1988. But last year’s attempt to unilaterally change the status quo along the Line of Actual Control blatantly defied commitments made in the 1993 and 1996 agreements.
Both sides agreed that talks with the military commander should be held at the earliest. At the same time, it was agreed that in the proposed talks of senior military officials, both sides will discuss all the remaining issues and try to find a mutually acceptable solution. It should be noted that in the meeting of the Border Mechanism WMCC held on 25 June 2021, it was agreed to hold another round of meeting of senior military commanders. Significantly, so far 12 rounds of military commander level talks have been held to reduce border tension between the two countries. China talks about reducing tension, but even now it has not withdrawn its troops from patrolling points like Hotspring, Gogra and Depsang area.
However, the foreign ministers of two of the world’s most populous countries had also agreed to maintain peace in the border areas till the border tensions on the Line of Actual Control for the last 14 months were resolved. At the same time, both the sides should keep in mind that no attempt should be made to change the border position unilaterally.
In fact, the Galvan Valley incident in eastern Ladakh last year amid the aggressive barricade of China had further complicated the matter. During the implementation of the consent to withdraw the troops to reduce the border tension, the situation reached a mutual confrontation due to the disobedience of the Chinese army. In this conflict that took place on June 15, where 20 soldiers including a colonel rank officer of India were killed. At the same time, in this aggressive action, China had to suffer more than this. India has made it clear that the confrontation in Galwan was a deliberate move of the Chinese army.
Not only this, India has also made it clear that according to bilateral agreements, it wants peace on the border. But if confrontation is imposed, it has full preparations for combat and retaliation. This is the reason why India has made its full military deployment in the area of Ladakh against the Chinese barricade. Along with this, Indian forces are also monitoring every Chinese movement on the Line of Actual Control, about 4,000 km long.
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