Mumbai Rain: The first thing is that the monsoon geographically comes in the coastal Konkan region of Maharashtra. This region receives more rainfall every year than other parts of Maharashtra. Mumbai receives an average of 2514 mm of rain every year. High Tide of the Sea – Because Mumbai is situated on the banks of the Arabian Sea, the sea also plays its role in it. By the way, there is tide and ebb in the sea every day. But when the tide ie high tide is above 4 and a half meters, then it is a sign of trouble for Mumbai.
The combination of heavy rains and high tide brings Mumbai to a standstill because due to high tide, the water accumulated on the roads of Mumbai cannot go into the sea and inverse sea water enters the city. Due to lack of drainage, many feet of water gets accumulated on the roads.
Messing with nature- Mithi river is one of the reasons for Mumbai being flooded. A river passes through the middle of the city of Mumbai, whose name is Mithi River. But it gives bitter experiences to the people of Mumbai. This river originates from Powai and Vihar ponds in Mumbai and joins the Arabian Sea at Mahim.
The flow of the river has become very narrow due to encroachment on both sides of the bank. Pollution and waste have also reduced the depth of the river. The river has taken the form of a drain. Due to heavy rains, this river gets flooded and the water engulfs a large area around it.
Baba Adam era system – After the British left India, the city of Mumbai has expanded a lot, but with the increasing population of the city, the drainage system remained the same. In such a situation, when this system gets more pressure than its capacity, which it cannot bear and water is visible everywhere in the city.
Corruption- Every year about 3 percent of the BMC budget is for storm water drainage. BMC keeps around Rs 900 crore for this expenditure so that the city does not get submerged in rain. But the city still sinks. But why? The reason behind this is corruption. Due to corruption, this amount also gets washed away like rain water. In the year 2017, the CAG in its report alleged irregularities during financial transactions. It was alleged that the contractors of sewage management were benefitted illegally by the Mumbai Municipal Corporation.
Now if the contractors will benefit, then who will they benefit, it can be understood very well. It is seen on the ground that all the contractors who are given the contract for cleaning the drains, do not do their work honestly. It is the result of that that drains start overflowing and roads become rivers. Corruption also plays a big role in sinking Mumbai.
If we talk about the rains of Mumbai, then it is necessary to mention the catastrophic rains of 26 July 2005. On that day dark clouds had brought doom in Mumbai. Within 24 hours, 944 mm of rain had fallen in the entire city. More than a thousand people lost their lives. Every mode of traffic in Mumbai had come to a standstill. Roads, rails, airplanes were all closed. Mumbai’s contact with the whole world was cut off. Even today, the heavy rain reminds the people of Mumbai of that dark day of July 26.
Mumbai has about 2000 km of open drains, 440 km of covered drains and 186 outfalls, from where the water accumulated due to rain falls into the sea. After the rains of 26 July 2005, a project named Brimstoweed was started to rejuvenate the drainage system. But even today the work of this project has not been completed and Mumbai is still sinking. Under this project, 6 pumping stations were built but they have proved to be unsuccessful during heavy rains.
For this condition of the city, opposition parties are targeting Shiv Sena, which has been in power in Mumbai Municipal Corporation continuously since 1996. Since then, Shiv Sena has also come to power in Maharashtra thrice, but the face of Mumbai does not change in monsoon. Apart from water logging, Shiv Sena is also on the target of the opposition for the potholes that emerge on the roads during the rains.
In this way, Mumbai drowns every year due to its geographical position, rising tides in the sea, playing with nature and corruption. The pictures of rain in Mumbai that you have been seeing for years, which you are seeing this time. It is very possible that she will appear next year also.
Ban on Kanwar Yatra in Delhi too, decision taken due to Corona